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Abstracts 2016

 

№3/4 Contemporary Models of Success and Forms of Acknowledgement. Prestige, Status, Titles, Awards, Prizes

M. A. Chernyak

LITERARY AWARD AS A DIAGNOSIS OF THE CURRENT LITERATURE

The article deals with the phenomenon of a literary prize. Awards as an influential institution of the literary life in many aspects determine the range of reading, the policy of publishing and literary translation and the development trends of literature, and form a circle of «fashionable reading.» The article presents the exclusive answers of the contemporary writers.

Keywords: contemporary literature, literary prize, the reader, elitist literature, mass literature.

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E.S. Berezina

REPUTATION MANAGEMENT AMONG THE ARTISTS ON THE VERNISAGE ART MARKET

The article investigates the self-presentations of the artists on the vernisage art market as a mechanism of control over the artistic reputations. The author examines the artists’ strategies for designing and monitoring of their own identity in the eyes of customers in order to persuade them to purchase their works. The analysis of oral autobiographical texts suggests that artists appeal to the authority of official cultural institutions and professional expert communities for confirmation of their status. At the same time the choice of purchasers remains for them the main criterion of success on the mass art market.

Keywords: Mass Art Market, Vernisage Art Market, Professional Identity, Reputation, Reputation Management, Professional Status, Artist as a Profession.

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O. V. Lysenko

“LOW-STATUS” TEACHERS: ON THE ISSUE OF “DOUBLE NEGATIVE SELECTION” IN TEACHER’S TRAINING

The article provides a new interpretation of the phenomenon of «double negative selection» in teacher’s training. The author shows that large numbers of students from social groups with low status in pedagogical universities can be explained not only by the low prestige of the teaching profession, but also by regional migration processes. This thesis is based on the results of the empirical sociological research held in Perm. From this point of view, pedagogical universities have important social functions, such as the integration of the regional community, the adaptation of youth to the urban culture, the leveling of social inequalities.

Keywords: double negative selection, pedagogical universities, students, social mobility, social inequality, city.

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R. N. Abramov 

PENZA: SEARCH FOR A NEW IMAGE OF THE CITY IN THE CONTEXT OF THE RECENT SOVIET PAST AMNESIA

The article analyzes the contradictions and problems of search for a new image of Penza and Penza region. The article draws attention to the symptoms of the collective memory amnesia of the recent Soviet past in a regional context. The author discusses the contradictions of a new urban identity which are reflected in the change of the city symbols, the processes of media representation of the recent Soviet past, and the prospects of the Soviet museumification in the urban context. The author raises the problem of integration of the collective memory of the late Soviet period in the contemporary discourse about the urban image of Penza.

Keywords: amnesia, city image, nostalgia, museumification, soviet past.

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N. V. Veselkova

WHO KNOWS YOUR KACHKANAR? WORKS AND DAYS OF URAL MONOTOWN

A young Ural company town (monotown) is analyzed according to the proposed working scheme in terms of the dynamics of its repute and importance (scale), as well as its resilience and prospects (temporal dimension). The contestation of the mountain Kachkanar by the main actors — the mining and processing plant, the Buddhist monastery and the ski resort — reveals the specific inertia of the “city of youth’s” Soviet connotations. The domination of the monotown semantic matrix in the context of the young town leads to the nondramatization effect.

Keywords: monotown, young town, scale, temporality, Kachkanar, nondramatization.

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A. Petrenko-Lysak 

CITY AND VOID: KYIV AS A CAPITAL AND A REGIONAL CENTER

The Kyiv city is analysed in this article. We describe Kyiv as a capital city, the main city in the country. But Kyiv is also the main town of the homonymous province — Kyiv region. The concept of the «value of void», proposed by L. Salmin, is the basis of our analysis. Accordingly, Kiev is considered as a city of void, in which the idea of a city square (Maidan) is pronounced — as an empty space which can be used for various purposes: from fairs to protest meetings, from the meeting place to the transit area.

Keywords: city, void, capital, center, plaza, square, freedom.

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M.V. Stroganov

REFINED AND FOLKSY: RILKE AND ANDREAS-SALOMÉ MEETING DROZHZHIN

The author considers R.M. Rilke’s interest in Russian culture as one of the most dramatic reactions of the Modernism epoch to the crisis of European civilization (“The Decline of the West”) and indie art as one of its forms. The distant idealization of a little-known culture expressed itself in the cult of things, typical for mass culture, and in the mythicization of real persons (particularly, of S.D. Drozhzhin). Personal knowledge demythicized things and persons thus complicating the understanding of a foreign culture. Mediators were very important in this process, and in the case of Rilke this role belonged to Lou Andreas-Salomé.

Keywords: S.D. Drozhzhin, R.M. Rilke, L. Andreas-Salomé, modernism, Russophilism, primitivism, mythicization.

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D. Riabov

IMAGE OF RUSSIA IN THE POLITICS OF EUROPEAN IDENTITY: CASE OF “EUROOPTIMISTS”

The article analyzes the image of Russia in the politics of identity of political elites that support European integration. The author believes that the leading trend is the exclusion of Russia from the «Europe», while the negative image of Russia is inevitable in establishing Europeanness. The article highlights the political, cultural, ethnic, religious, historical and civilization discourse practices of exclusion Russia from Europe. According to author, the image of Russia performs the following functions in the politics of European identity: defining criteria of Europeanness, achieving positive collective self-conception, legitimating of the EU, maintaining social and political order of the EU, the legitimating of the relations between the EU countries.

Keywords: politics of identity, European identity, image of Russia, European-Russian relations, “Eurooptimists”.

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№1/2 Guidelines. Values, Problems of Choice, Strategies and Tactics of Development (History and Modernity)

K.E. Baldin

GUIDELINES OF THE RUSSIAN ZEMSTVO IN THE ERA OF MODERNIZATION: THE LATE 19th–THE EARLY 20th CENTURY (BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF VLADIMIR AND KOSTROMA GUBERNIAS)

This article discusses the priority directions of the Russian zemstvo’s activities during the fifty years of its existence. Among them are, first and foremost, health, education, development of peasant farming and local communications (roads and telephony). The author pays special attention to the appearance of new guidelines in local authorities’ work in the period under consideration.

Keywords: local authorities, health, public education, universal primary education, farming, animal husbandry, agriculture, communication, telephone.

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A.N. Il’in

THE EDUCATION CONSUMERIZATION TREND AND THE ALTERNATIVE VARIANT OF THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT

The phenomenon of consumption has been studied from different perspectives and is represented in philosophical, culturological, sociological, psychological and economic scientific literature. It is usually described in a complex, without paying attention to the particular aspects of consumption. The author considers this phenomenon in a particular context – the sphere of education. The author studies the model of education refocusing on a qualified consumer training. The author proves the danger and malignance of such a vector of education reforming. The article proves that, in the period of “liquid modernity”, education should be focused not only on knowledge, but also on the phenomenon of understanding.

Keywords: consumerism, education, qualified consumption, understanding, methodological thinking.

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E. S. Petrikovskaya

THE BIRTH OF «PERSONALITY» FROM THE SPIRIT OF NIHILISM

The article presents and comments on the ways of using the «personality» concept in the modern philosophical and theological literature. The author studies the consequences of conceptualization of this concept in the context of nihilism. The author applies the philosophical and anthropological approach to the explanation of the phenomenon of feeble-mindedness. The article analyzes the possibilities of a dialogue between philosophical and theological anthropology.

Keywords: personality, individuality, nihilism, philosophy of personality, philosophical anthropology, Christian anthropology, holy fool.

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K.E. Baldin

SERGEY SMIRNOV — A FORGOTTEN PROVINCIAL KULTURTRAGER (THE LATE 19th–THE EARLY 20th CENTURY)

The article examines the role of an individual representative of provincial intellectuals in the public life of a large industrial city. The key figure of the article is Sergey Smirnov, who had for decades played a significant role in the public life of Ivanovo-Voznesensk. The author describes his work in the local branch of the Russian technical society and in the public library and his publishing activities as a founder of the first local newspaper.

Keywords: Russian intelligentsia of the pre-revolutionary period, Russian bourgeoisie, social activity, non-profit social organizations, civil society, libraries, periodicals.

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V.L. Chernoperov, S. M. Usmanov

EUROPE BETWEEN THE PAST AND THE FUTURE: SEARCH AND HOPES OF JURGEN HABERMAS

The article analyzes J. Habermas’ views on the EU and the Russian role in the contemporary Europe. The work starts with a brief biography of the German scholar; it describes his critical views on the processes in the European Union and his suggestions about its reforming. Special attention is paid to Habermas’ opposition to the contemporary German government’ policy in the EU.

Keywords: Jurgen Habermans, European Union, Russia.

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N. A. Dokuchaeva 

INTELLECTUALS’ ROLE IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF MODERN MONTENEGRO

Public intellectuals had played a significant role in the process of Montenegro’s sovereignization; in the contemporary Montenegrin state and society their role is still very important, and the focus of their activity has shifted from the statehood issues to the problem of state identity construction. The peculiarities of social and political situation in Montenegro and the traditions of interrelations between the state and the society (including civil society) condition the presence of the specific features of Montenegrin intellectuals which hamper their reckoning among “public intellectuals” in the traditional sense. The paper provides a brief review of the intellectual discourse of modern Montenegro, considers some of the key intellectuals and their role, place and potential in the socio-political life of the country.

Keywords: Montenegrin intellectuals, independent Montenegro, identity construction, Šerbo Rastoder, Slavko Perović, Novak Kilibarda, Radoslav Rotković, Voislav Nikčević, Filip Kovačević, Montenegrin Matica, multiculturalism.

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A. A. Fokin

SOVIET RELICTS AND SIMULACRA IN THE CONTEMPORARY RUSSIAN MEDIA SPACE

This article analyzes the media space as an element of the modern Russian society’s collective memory about the soviet past. According to the J. Assman concept, collective memory is divided into cultural and communicative. The first part includes films and programs within the framework of the traditional media and they can be classified according to two criteria: substantial and emotional. The first criterion differentiates products of educational and entertaining nature. The second criterion, an emotional one, allows one to highlight critical and nostalgic trends in mass culture. In the second trend one can include narratives created in the World Wide Web. In the Web there is a wide spectrum of opinions on the Soviet Union, yet among the dominant views one can distinguish an “ideological” and a “nostalgic” ones. The situation can be described as “the war of memories,” in which an active part is played not only by the state authorities and members of the academic community, but also by a substantial number of people, who did not use to have a platform for representation of their views.

Keywords: Soviet past, collective memory, the memory of the war, communicative memory, cultural memory, media space.

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V.L. Kagansky 

LANDSCAPE. RUSSIA. POST-MODERNITY

The author ascertains entering in a new large cultural epoch – post-modernity (no to be confused with post-modernism); presents his understanding of the cultural status of a landscape in the epochs of modernity and post-modernity; characterizes the change of a landscape’s role in the culture and its growing importance, and shows a long list of symptoms of a new trend. The paper demonstrates the vision of a new morphology of a new landscape and the “post-modernity landscape” image for the Russian landscape.

Keywords: cultural landscape, landscape, modern, post-modernity, post-modernism, Russia, form of landscape, epoch.

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